Cruciate Ligament Surgery

Knees consist of several structures like cruciate ligaments. There are two cruciate ligaments in the knee: the anterior (in the front) and the posterior (at the back).
The cruciate ligaments secure the stability in the knee in cooperation with other ligaments, the menisci and the muscles.

The posterior cruciate ligament is most commonly damaged in connection with road accidents. When the posterior cruciate ligament is torn across, the shin bone will move backwards on the thigh bone. A lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament happens mostly in sporting situations where the foot is planted. If the anterior cruciate ligament is totally torn across, the knee may become unstable and the shin bone will move forwards on the thigh bone.

Cruciate Ligament surgery is generally carried out under a general anesthetic. The doctor will perform an arthroscopy of the knee and will look for any other damage that can be repaired at the same time.

The doctor will construct a new cruciate ligament using either the patella tendon or two of the hamstring tendons. This new ligament will be placed in the knee joint in a manner that gives it the same shape as the original ligament.

The patient will be able to walk again the day after c ruciate ligament surgery and may be given a hinged splint to wear.

It will be necessary to undergo a rehabilitation program lasting at least three months. However, during the first week after surgery, exercise should be limited or else knee may swell up.

Static cycling commences in the first few weeks after surgery. After three months, running and weight exercises are permitted. At least six months are needed to return to competitive sports.

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